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Learn how to get rid of Aphids (Aphidoidea) before they devour your garden.
Other names for these common garden pests are plant lice, greenfly and blackfly.
Large masses swarm your plants, overwhelming and eventually killing them. So watch for the signs and treat them as soon as possible.
They are soft body, sap-sucking insects that will leave your plants weak and prone to disease. There are many different species (around 600 in Canada) all varying in colour from green to black, grey, yellow and more.
They are very tiny insects that will devour your plant's roots, leaves, stems and flowers.
These sap-sucking garden pests will also pass along viruses to other plants in your garden.
Aphids have a very fast reproduction rate and are sometimes born pregnant. They can produce several generations in one growing season.
If you have these common garden pests it’s a great indicator of an unbalanced fertility and most commonly is an excess of nitrogen.
If you're not sure if it’s aphids attacking your garden, look for these signs:
Ants and Aphids are usually seen together.
Ants are attracted to the honeydew and will protect the aphids from beneficial insects.
You will need to get rid of the ants so that beneficial insects can do their job to destroy the aphids.
Here are some organic aphid control methods that you can use around your yard: including using an Aphid killer like ladybugs.
You can also buy an aphid trap to help control them.
They are a yellow (Aphids favourite colour) strip of two sided tape that attract Aphids, gnats and whiteflies.
They do not attract beneficial insects so they seem like a good product if you need them.
You can buy them at Home hardware, Canadian Tire, Home Depot, Wal-Mart also carries them or you can buy them online at Amazon.
Growing healthy and happy plants will also help keep common garden pests away.
Exam your plants often during the growing season to make sure they are Aphid free.
Large masses can form very quickly and take over your plants.
Feed your plants with a low nitrogen fertilizer as the nitrogen is what attracts Aphids.
If you see any of these beneficial insects just remember they are doing their job and keeping your garden free of Aphids and other soft body insects.
There are places online where you can purchase beneficial insects but it’s not always recommended. If you don’t provide the right environment for them they will fly away before doing their job.
Attracting them naturally is the better option. Here are ways to attract beneficial insects to your garden:
Plants that Repel Aphids
Aphids like most bad bugs don’t like strong scents. Planting the following plants will help control Aphids.
If you have an Aphid problem planting some of these plants close to ones that are being attacked will help get rid of Aphids.
As you can see, there are a lot of different ways to get rid of Aphids. I have rubbed the leaves and stems with my gloved fingers and sprayed them with a strong spray of water and both have worked great.